Difficult words

Peer
A peer is a person who shares similar situations with you.
A peer is a person like you.
A peer can understand how you feel.
A peer goes through similar situations as you.
A peer doesn’t need to be your friend
or member of your family.
For persons with intellectual disabilities,
peers are other persons with intellectual disabilities.

Peer Support
Peer support is about
getting support from people you can trust,
getting support from people you can understand.
It is about support from people with intellectual disabilities
who share common experiences with you.
Peer support is about being included in your community.
It is about getting support from people like you.
Peer support is all about people helping each other.

Peer training
Peer training is to train persons with intellectual disabilities
to provide support and training to their peers.

Curriculum
Curriculum is an educational programme
that helps people to become peer supporters.
The curriculum includes exercises.
There are 44 exercises in the curriculum.
If you do these exercises you will learn new things.
The exercises help to improve your skills.
The exercises help people with intellectual disabilities
to become peer supporters.
The curriculum is available on the Topside website: https://www.peer-support.eu/

Skill
Skill is the ability to do something well.
If you have a skill to do something,
you are really good at that thing.
There are many different skills.
If you have a skill to cook, you can make tasty dishes.
If you have a skill to paint, you can paint nice pictures.

Peer to peer skills
Peer to peer skills are about how you communicate to one or more persons.
It is also about reacting to what someone said or did.
It is about learning how to work with other people.

Inclusive skills
Inclusive skills are about inclusion
and person-centered thinking.
Person-centered thinking means
that everything we do
has to care about the needs of the person.
Inclusive skills enable you
to be an important citizen in your community.
It is about learning inclusive values
that help to live a good quality life.

Pragmatic skills
Pragmatic skills mean that you can support others
by telling them your experiences.
The experiences can be from different areas of your life.
It is about relating to your own
and to other people’s experiences
and how to use these
when you give support to somebody.

Inclusion
Inclusion means you are part of something.
Inclusion means you can fully participate.
Inclusion means you are a completely accepted person.

Inclusive
If something is inclusive everyone can be part of it.
If a group is inclusive,
everyone can join and understand what is going on.
Inclusive means that people get support to participate.

Inclusive values
It means the feeling to belong somewhere.
Inclusive values mean that you are accepted and
that you are respected by others.
Inclusive values also mean that people support you,
so you can do your best.

Confidentiality
Sometimes you do not want other people
to get information about you.
It is possible to share some things with only a few people.
These people should not tell
what you share with them to others.
Confidentiality means
that only people that you choose will know your story.
It means that the information you share
stays with the people you told.
People should respect each other and
only share things that they are supposed to.

Informed decisions
Informed decision means
that you have a lot of information about the subject.
You can remember and use this information
when you make your decision.
It is easier to make a decision
if you have information about the topic.

Empathy
Empathy means that you understand how someone else feels.
It means that you can feel what someone else feels.
It means that you can imagine
being in a similar situation than this person.

Evaluation
If you run a seminar,
you will want to know if people liked it or not.
You also should think about
how you liked the seminar yourself.
This is called an evaluation.
There are some tools to help you with an evaluation.

Identity support
Identity is what you think of yourself and
how you feel in your body.
Identity is what you feel who you are.
Identity support means that you respect
what other people feel about themselves.

Positive reframing
Positive reframing means that you
try to see experiences differently,
try to see the good things in them.
It means that you try to make the best out of something.

Raise awareness about rights
It means to let people better know about human rights.
Rights are things you can do in society.
It is important that people know what are their rights.
 
Be part of the community
It means that you belong to a group of people.
This group of people have something in common with you.
Community can mean your family, your school mates,
or the people who live in the same area as you.

Contribute to society
Contributing to society means that you do something to the community you belong to.
You contribute if you want your community to be better.

Motivation
Motivation means
that the person is interested in doing something.
You have a reason why you do something.
This reason is the motivation
why you participate in something.

Ability to self-reflection
It means that you are able to think about who you are and why do you do what you do.

Person-centred approach
Everything we do has to care about the needs of the person.

Mentor
The mentor is a person who can support peer supporters
if they have any questions.
The mentor is a person you can turn for advice or help
when you support other people.
The mentor will help peer supporters to think about
how to offer support to their peers.
The mentor does not tell you what to do.
The mentor helps to think about the choices.

Citizenship
People are citizens of the country where they were born
or where they are living in.
Citizenship means you belong to a certain country.
All people who have the nationality of a country
are called citizens.
Citizens have a passport to prove they belong to this country.
All citizens of a country have rights and duties.
Right is for example the right to vote at elections.
Duty is for example
that you have to be registered at your community.

Active Citizen
Active citizen is a member of a country who is interested in participating in the community.
Active citizen is someone who is interested in politics and
cares about how to make things better for the community.

Competence
Competence means that you are able to do something.
Competence means
that you have good skills to do something right.
If you have competence in something
it means you are good at it.
Competence is called talent in other words.

Portfolio
Portfolio is a collection
of pictures, information, or other objects.
The portfolio includes many different things.
You can choose anything from the portfolio
that is interesting or useful for you.

Easy-to-read
People with intellectual disabilities can find it hard
to understand things and to learn new things.
If people with intellectual disabilities do not get good information,
they will be left out.
This is why it is important for people with intellectual disabilities
to have information that is clear and easy to understand.
To do this well, you have to follow standards.

Guidelines
Guidelines give you good ideas about how to do things.
Guidelines are not rules, but an advice to know how is the best to do things.

Methodology
There is a way how you are doing things.
Methodology is about the rules that you follow
when you do something.
It means you have an idea about
how is the best to do things.

Formal support
Support means to get help from someone.
Formal support means that you get help
from a guardian or from another person whose job is
to support persons with intellectual disabilities.
You should have the possibility to get help
only with the things you cannot do alone.

Informal support
Support means to get help from someone.
Informal support means that you get support from someone you trust.
Your supporter can be a friend, a family member, a neighbour or anyone you want to get support from.
Informal support should be free.

Life experiences
Life experiences are things you experience during your life.
It can be everything you learnt,
or anything you saw.

Private
Private is something only for you and not for everyone else.
If some information is private,
you are the only one who should know.
If something is not private, it is public.
Public is for everyone, private is only for you.

Privacy
Privacy means that you can be yourself and not with others.
Other people do not pay attention to what you are doing.

Role
Role is what you should do in certain situations.
Role means what others expect from you
how you should behave and what you should do.

Key roles
These are the most important roles.
Key roles really help other people in certain situations.

Social role
We have different roles in a community or in society.
Social role can be anything that you do
at home, at work, or during your free time.
When we have a social role,
people expect us to act in a certain way.
If your job is a gardener, people expect you
to take care of plants.
If you are a sister, people expect you
to be nice with your brother.

Role play
Role play is an exercise.
In a role play you act like someone else.
You have to imagine you are someone else and
do what normally this person is doing.

Evolving role
Evolving role means that the role you play is changing.
It is getting better and more complex.

Pragmatic
Pragmatic means that you do something in a practical way.
You try to follow what makes the most sense.

Brainstorming
Brainstorming means that you think about a topic and
you speak out loudly what comes into your mind.
Brainstorming means to share ideas with others.
Some people might not like your ideas.
All ideas are valuable,
but some ideas may be better than others.
It is important to listen to each other’s ideas.

Database
Database means that a lot of information is collected together.
This information is called data.
The data can be stored in a computer, or in the internet.
You can access the database and
read the information.

Communication
Communication is about exchanging information with each other.
Communication can happen between two people or more people.
We can communicate by speaking or writing.
There are other forms of communication as well.
People can communicate by looking at each other or pointing on things.

Decision making
All people can make their own choices.
This means that you can decide what you want.
You can decide for example about where to live.
You can also decide about what you want to eat for dinner.
There are easy and difficult decisions to make.
We need to make decisions every day.
You do not always make a good decision.
People sometimes make bad decisions.
Bad decision is something that you regret.
You can ask for other people’s opinion when making your decisions.

Diversity
Diversity means that there are many different people or things together.
All people are very different from each other.
It is great to have different things together.
Differences are interesting.
We can learn a lot from others who are different from us.

Informal talk
Informal talk means that you talk to someone
without planning what you will say.
Informal talk is with someone you know.
It can happen at any time and everywhere.
Informal talk is not stressful, you don’t have to prepare for it.

Lifelong learning
Lifelong learning programmes are courses
where adults can learn new things.
Lifelong learning of adult people
is also called adult education.
At the moment, lifelong learning programmes are often hard
for people with intellectual disabilities to take part in.

Open attitude
Attitude is a way of thinking and feeling about something or somebody.
Attitude can be positive or negative.
Open attitude means that you do not make judgements before getting to know something or somebody.

Pantomime
Pantomime is when you express yourself with your face.
Pantomime means that you do not communicate with words, but show your feelings with your face.
You can express many feelings with your face.
You can look angry, happy, nervous, sad or show other feelings.

Planning tool
A tool is a device that you can use to create something.
A planning tool means a useful object or idea
that can help you to plan an activity or an event.
When you plan an activity or event you think about how it should happen.
You plan the details with a planning tool.