How to make a Presentation

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Why should you do this exercise?

Sometimes, experienced Peer Supporters will give a lecture to others, for instance about their own experience.
Here you have some advice, how Peer Supporters can prepare themselves.

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What can be the role of a Peer-Trainer with intellectual disability?

For training, you can run this exercise together with the Trainer.
A well experienced Peer Supporter may do this exercise also alone as a sort of guideline in preparing a talk or a lecture.

What is the objective of the exercise?

Experienced Peer Supporters did learn many things.
If they want to tell other people about this, they will do this in a small group best if they will be well prepared.

What is the method to be used?

If I want to tell others about things I already witnessed, I can do this in an informal talk.
This is usually the common way.
But sometimes you will tell something special to others.
In this case it will be useful if you will prepare yourself.
Let us take an example:
Peter is a Peer Supporter.
He wants to tell others about his experience with decisions.
In this example, Peer Supporter Peter and trainer Ute sit together for a little session.
They together discuss one by one the following questions:

  1. What is the objective?
    The first question is clearly answered at all:
    The Peer Supporters experiences with decisions.
    This is the theme.
    The both write this as the headline on a big sheet of paper.
  2. Whom shall I tell my experiences?
    Other Peer Supporters.
    What does that mean?
    My lecture shall be in an easy to understand language.
    My lecture shall have a good structure.
    I should not speak too long.
    The group shall put all their questions, at any rate if they did not understand something.
    And at the end all shall discuss about what we all can learn from the lecture, to create good decisions.
  3. What shall I tell?
    This is the most important question.
    And very important to think over:
    What belongs to the theme?
    What does not belong to the theme?
    What is the most important I want to tell?

In our example Peter says:
Most important for me was the decision to move out of the parent´s flat and to join a group in a home.
One of the both – Peter or Ute – draws a house that stands for the parent´s house and a different one symbolizing the home. A drawing of an arrow marks the way from the parent´s house to the home.

The trainer asks Peter:
Can you tell us the main reasons for your decision?
Peter answers:
First of all I wanted to be independent and as an adult live for my own.
Second: I want to live together with Yvonne and Charlie. They are good friends of mine.
Third: The home is located in the town and not so outside as my parent´s house.
Both now can write key words with drawings on the sheet of paper.
So you will not forget what is important.
In our example:

Why?
To live for my own
To live with friends
To live in town.

The trainer asks:
How did you get your decision?
Did you decide completely by yourself?
Peter answers:
Well, the wish to move from the beginning was my own wish.
It is quite normal that children will leave the parent´s house one fine day.
Next we talked with my parents, with the home and also with Yvonne and Charlie.
I informed myself exactly how it is in the living group of the home.
Who else is living in the home.
Whether it is a nice flat.
How are bus connections.
And some points more.
Then I decided for myself to move into the home together with Yvonne and Charlie.
My parents at first did not feel themselves comfortable.
But later on they supported me.
Peter and the trainer think over, which key words should be written down in addition.
Now you can think over while you do this exercise:
Which additional key words you would write down if you want to speak about Peter´s decision?
Of course you can make some little drawings.
They will make it even easier for not only you but also for the group to understand the lecture.
About drawing also see exercise “Creating minutes with drawings” [G06].

4. The order within a speech
It is important to think over the order of your speaking.
There are 2 different ways to tell:
a) What is most important? This comes at first.

Or:

b) You tell one thing after the other, as it happened in reality.
If you take the first way you have to prepare (with key words) that you will not forget something important.
If you will tell in the order as it happened you should pay attention that you will not tell too many details and loose the thread.
This can happen easily.
This is also a good reason why it is recommended to prepare such a speech and to write down main points as key words or drawings.
In addition: With such a preparation you will – if needed – be able to leave the foreseen order and to come back again.
In that way you may also shorten your speech if necessary.
And you will not forget the important points because you wrote them down.

Tips for the trainers/additional information

The exercise should be done by experienced Peer Supporters.